1. The purpose of your term paper is for you to engage directly with the primary
sources (that is, ancient texts in translation). You may also consult modern scholarly
works if you wish; this is strictly optional. If you do so, be sure to give full citations,
but bear in mind that your argument must be based on specific citations of the
primary sources. Your grade will reflect your command of written English as well
as the substance of your argument.
2. Your paper should be 6-8 pages in length, written in 12-point Times New Roman
font, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins.
Topics:(The meaning any two societies in here is some societies happened in Ancient Civilizations)
Egypt and greece
Babylon under hammurabi and the roman republic, or
Canaan and the Greeks, or
Greece & Rome.)
Select one of the following topics:
1. Choose two of the societies we have studied in this course. Using the relevant primary
sources, consider the concept and practice of law and justice in the societies you
have chosen. What are the focuses of the laws and the ideals of justice? What do the
various legal codes reveal about the societies that created them? In what ways do the
societies you have chosen concur and/or differ in their concepts of justice?
2. Choose two of the societies we have studied in this course. Using the relevant primary
sources, compare and contrast the position and role(s) of women in the societies you have
chosen. How are women portrayed in the sources? What social roles did they perform?
What legal rights and protections did they possess? What relationships did they have with
the men around them?
3. Choose two of the societies we have studied in this course. Using the relevant primary
sources, compare and contrast the role of religion and the understanding of the gods in
the societies you have chosen. Consider the expected roles and traits of the gods, the
interactions between gods and humans, and the influence of religion on political and